All the news, reaction and comment from Spain’s fourth general election in as many years
Since its return to democracy in 1975, Spain had been considered immune to the advance of the populist, anti-immigrant and far-right parties that have seen such electoral success in much of continental Europe.
Respected El Pais columnist Jorge Galindo says that era has now come to an end: the 10 November elections “confirm the end of the Spanish exception in Europe: the Vox vote is already similar to that of the far right in Austria or the Netherlands”, he says.
With more than 50% of votes counted, it looks like a pretty good night for the centre-left PSOE; a very good one for the centre right PP; a spectacular one for the far-right Vox; a disappointing one for the anti-austerity Podemos and a truly dreadful one for the liberal Citizens.
But above all, nether left the left nor the right bloc are anywhere near an absolute majority in the 350-seat parliament. The Guardian is now running live result updates which you can follow here.